The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family, native to South, Central America and Mexico.
It is an annual plant, typically growing to 1-3 m long, with a weakly woody stem that usually scrambles over other plants. The leaves are 10-25 cm long, pinnate, with 5-9 leaflets, each leaflet up to 8 cm long, with a serrated margin; both the stem and leaves are densely glandular-hairy.
The flowers are 1-2 cm across, yellow, with five pointed lobes on the corolla; they are borne in a cyme of 3-12 together. The fruit is an edible, brightly coloured (usually red, from the pigment lycopene) berry, 1-2 cm diameter in wild plants, commonly much larger in cultivated forms.
Papaya is a small tree, the single stem growing from 5 to 10 m tall, with spirally arranged leaves confined to the top of the trunk; the lower trunk is conspicuously scarred with scars of where leaves and fruit were borne.
The leaves are large, 50-70 cm diameter, deeply palmately lobed with 7 lobes. The tree is usually unbranched if unlopped. The flowers are similar in shape to the flowers of the Plumeria but are much smaller and wax like. They appear on the axils of the leaves, maturing into the large 15-45 cm long, 10-30 cm diameter fruit.
The fruit is ripe when it feels soft (like a ripe avocado or a bit softer) and its skin has attained amber to orange hue.
The cucumber is the edible fruit of the cucumber plant Cucumis sativus, which belongs to the gourd family Cucurbitaceae, as do melons and squash.
The plant has been cultivated for 3000 years and is widely cultivated today. The cucumber plant has large leaves that form a canopy over the fruit. The vine is grown on the ground or on trellises, often in greenhouses.
Cucumbers are usually green-skinned, roughly cylindrical, elongated, with tapered ends, and may be as large as 30 cm long and 5 cm in diameter.
The cabbage is derived from a leafy wild mustard plant, native to the Mediterranean region. It was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans; Cato the Elder praised this vegetable for its medicinal properties, declaring that “it is first of all the vegetables”. The English name derives from the Normanno-Picard caboche (“head”). Cabbage was developed by ongoing artificial selection for suppression of the internode length. The dense core of the cabbage is called the babchka. It is related to the turnip.
Okra, also called gumbo, lady fingers or bhindi in Indian cuisine, is a flowering plant in the mallow family Malvaceae, native to tropical Africa. It was formerly considered a species of Hibiscus, but is now classified in the genus Abelmoschus.
The word okra is of African origin.It is an annual or perennial herbaceous plant, growing to 2 m tall. The leaves are 10-20 cm long and broad, palmately lobed with 5-7 lobes. The flowers are 4-8 cm diameter, with five white to yellow petals, often with a red or purple spot at the base of each petal.
The fruit is a capsule, 5-20 cm long, containing numerous seeds.Okra is grown throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world for its fibrous pods full of round, white seeds, which, when picked young, are eaten as a vegetable
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus, Family Cucurbitaceae) is the fruit and plant of a vine-like (climber and trailer) herb originally from southern Africa.
This flowering plant bears an accessory fruit of a type that botanists call a false berry. The watermelon fruit, loosely considered a type of melon (although not in the genus Cucumis), has a smooth exterior rind and a juicy, sweet, usually red interior flesh.
Sweetcorn (or sweet corn, also known as sugar corn), is a hybridized variety of maize (Zea mays), specifically bred to increase the sugar content. Sweetcorn is commonly known as simply corn in the United States, Canada, and Australia. In Brazil it is known as “Milho Verde” (Green Corn).
From open-pollinated corn have been hybridized corn cultivars that are not only sweeter, but which notably hold their sweetness longer, supposedly for a few days. There are “generations” of such sugary hybrids, from extra-sweet through, nowadays, “triple-sweets”. Corn fanciers like the holding power of the hybrids, but many feel that the true corn flavor is, in the more recent and sweeter hybrids, overpowered by the sweetness.
The sweeter hybrids need to be isolated from other types, else they will cross-pollinate with them and lose their special character.
AgricShop Macro/Micro Nutrients
Conventional agriculture focuses on the macro-nutrients of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K). Plants require a lot of N, P, and K. However, they cannot reach full potential without the major micro-nutrients. There are many more mineral compounds that are required for plants to function other than N, P, and K. No matter how small the quantity required, these micro-nutrient elements are still crucial for optimal plant function. For example, Magnesium (Mg) helps a plant form complete proteins and enhances the rate of photosynthesis. Secondary nutrients and micro-nutrients are very important in facilitating many critical plant functions and in enhancing sugar translocation, root strength and overall plant immunity. The most critical of these micro-nutrients are Boron (B), Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), Cobalt (Co), Molybdenum (Mo), and Sulfur (S). Boron is critical for transporting carbohydrates through the plant system to help form and fill fruit. Boron is also a critical life sustaining element to microbial life in the soil.
Zinc and Manganese are both critical for proper reproduction and seed formation. Many trace minerals have proven to be critical in enabling plants to produce complete plant compounds, which allows them to be naturally resistant to pests and disease. The benefits of supplementing secondary nutrients and micro-nutrients are far reaching. In fact, the presence of adequate secondary and micro-nutrients help other nutrients be more effective.
For instance, Boron is required to help a plant absorb Calcium. Many micro-nutrients act as enzyme co-factors and building blocks that enable plants to build complete proteins and compounds. They also aid in the development of larger, stronger roots and promote better plant immunity.
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TIPS & TRICKS
The soil’s microorganisms (microbes) fix nitrogen from the air and make it available to plants. Potassium, calcium and phosphorus come from nature in mineral, ionic salt or rock form. Soft rock phosphate, for instance, is ground into talc-like powder and used as an amendment for your soil.